Sunday, November 7, 2010

Lesson 4: What to do to stay alive if you get lost:

 Pick a less strenuous route. Maybe cut back on the number of miles you plan to cover

 Plan a route that is in forested land, that follows a stream, or has stream crossings. The extra shade and access to water will give you shelter if it gets too hot.

      If you have a choice between hiking in the valley or in local mountains, spend the day hiking the mountains. 4,000 feet up will be noticeably cooler than down on the valley floor.
             Include some salty snacks and at least 4 liters of water for the trail.

      Take more frequent breaks and ensure that everyone is drinking water.

Be extra vigilant about blisters. The heat and extra sweating may help you experience your first blister in a long time so notice and treat hot spots

Check out Bear: 

Lesson 3: What to do before you get lost!

It sounds funny I know because nobody wants or knows if they will get lost but you should always take some precautions. Survival Tips that could save your life:

Always leave a travel plan with someone. At the minimum, your plan should cover where you are going to hike and when you will return. In the event you do become lost, searchers will know the exact area in which to concentrate their efforts.
Carry a wool cap in your daypack. Eighty percent of your body heat will be drained if your head is exposed. If you're without a cap, use a sock, bandanna, or anything- but keep your head warm.
Get into the habit of carrying at least three fire making sources on you. A lighter, a spark rod and windproof matches.. When you have to make a fire in rainy or adverse weather, always gather the dead twigs of evergreens such as pine, fir, or spruce. Being resinous it will ignite quicker than any other wood.
 Carry a signal mirror in your pocket. The glimmer from a mirror can carry for miles and a signal mirror can be used on a windy day unlike the smoke from a fire. Other objects to use for signaling are camera flash, flashlight, aluminum foil, compass mirror, whistle, rocks & logs spelling SOS, cutting a garbage bag into strips on the ground. Learning to signal for help in the wilderness is a critical survival skill next to knowing how to make shelter, fire, and locate water.
Always have a bandanna with you. These items can be used as a: water strainer, cap, scarf, water collector- use to dip into rock or tree pockets, flag for signaling, pot holder, lashing material, first-aid sling for injured arm, washcloth, and even a fire starter

Lesson 2: 5 Most Dangerous Hiking Trails In the Grand Canyon!

1. Nankoweap
This is the most difficult Rim-to-River trail. Depending on your choice of trailhead, this hike is about 14 miles long and experiences roughly 11,500 feet of elevation loss+gain. Just to spice it up, there is no reliable perennial water until reaching Nankoweap Creek, after over 10 fatiguing miles of hiking.

2. North Bass
Only the most experienced, determined, and physically fit hikers will finish this 13.5 mile hike in 1 day. This trail is very challenging and features many sections that are in poor condition. On the bright side, solitude and perennial water near the halfway point can ease the struggles of this difficult trek.

3. Thunder River
The distance from this remote North Rim trailhead to the Colorado River is 14 miles. The Esplanade traverse is the only longer portion of this trail that isn’t strenuous. When departing from the Bill Hall Trailhead, this hike can be shortened by about 3 miles.

4. Boucher
This trailhead is technically located beneath the Rim in Hermit Basin. The lack of consistent switchbacks through the Supai and Redwall layers make this trail painfully steep.

5. Tanner
What makes this 9 mile trail difficult is the complete lack of water, unless you’re lucky enough to be hiking during or right after a storm. The section between the Rim and 75-Mile Saddle is steep, and the
stretch from atop the Redwall to the Colorado River is vastly bereft of shade.

Grand Canyon Survival Guide

 Almost   4,7 million people visit the Grand Canyon each year, and more than 40.000 of them choose to camp overnight . Most visitors go hiking and rafting and choose to take the trails risking getting lost.
I think that a survival lesson is required, so I have come with a plan to help you have a great hiking experience or to survive if you get lost in the Grand Canyon or any canyon.

LESSON 1 :      What should you have in your backpack?

For any backpacking trip in Grand Canyon, the season of the year and weather forecast are what dictate the answer to this question. Between late autumn and early spring, nighttime temperatures below the Rim can range from cold to below freezing. During the intense heat of summer, when the use of a sleeping bag is largely unnecessary, many experienced Grand Canyon backpackers will abandon the item entirely. If you’re confident that dry weather will dominate the forecast for your trek, then perhaps a sleeping pad with a sheet or light blanket is all you need

The following items should be considered standard gear for any backcountry hike in Grand Canyon:
1. First Aid Kit
2. Map
3. Compass
4. Capacity for a minimum 8 liters of water
5. Space Blanket
6. Rope
7. Knife
8. Tent or other shelter from weather
9. Flashlight
10. Sunscreen
11. Signal Mirror
You can also add the following items but some of them are optional:

Clothing:  Shirts( is best to have 2), socks ,1 pair hiking pants (no jeans), underwear, shorts if it’s summer, a waterproof jacket,  a hat, 1 pair of boots and of course a waterproof clothing stuff sack.
Cooking: Waterproof matches or lighter , a pan, a spoon and a cup
Food & Drink: water (the necessary amount), enough food for 3 meals a day and a food sack.
Gear: Backpack,Sleeping bag, Permit & itinerary, Camera and film or battery, GPS, Extra batteries, Toilet paper

Wednesday, August 25, 2010

The Grand Canyon:Skywalk and Tour

The Grand Canyon it is largely contained within the Grand Canyon National Park, one of the first national parks in the United States.
Grand Canyon National Park is one of the world’s premier natural attractions, attracting about five million visitors per year. Overall, 83% were from the United States.

This canyon is a gift that transcends what we experience. Its beauty and size humbles us. Its timelessness provokes a comparison to our short existence. In its vast spaces we may find solace from our hectic lives.

Recently, the Hualapai Tribe opened the glass-bottomed Grand Canyon Skywalk on their property, Grand Canyon West.

Grand Canyon West offers 3 points of interest:
  • Eagle Point: Home of the Skywalk! Also includes live Native American performances, handy-crafts, and jewelry. A cafĂ© is also available with patio dining.
  • Guano Point: Panoramic view of the Colorado River, walking trails along the rim of the Grand Canyon, and mining artifacts.
  • Hualapai Ranch: Cowboy demonstrations, shows, and wagon rides.
The Grand Canyon Skywalk is a unique glass-bottomed cantilever bridge that spans 70 feet (21.34 meters) over the Grand Canyon’s rim and sits 4,000 feet (1219 meters) above the Colorado River. Completed in March of 2007, the Skywalk at Grand Canyon West has quickly become one of the best day trip destinations and has become the most recognizable cantilever structure in the world.

Open 365 days a year, the Skywalk has been visited by nearly 1 million people from 6 continents and over 50 countries from around the world giving all of them the absolute best view of the Grand Canyon unmatched anywhere else but tourists who wish for a more vertical perspective can board helicopters and small airplanes.
As of October of 2009, a satellite repeater was installed by the operations at Grand Canyon West have allowed visitors to enjoy cellular phone connections at Eagle Point and surrounding areas

Facts that you need to know:

- There are two fees you will encounter when visiting the Skywalk. Visitors will be required to purchase an entry fee into Grand Canyon West and if visitors choose to experience the Skywalk, an additional fee will be required

- The Skywalk is open from 7:00AM to 7:00 PM

- There is no set time limit for enjoying the skywalk.

- In an effort to preserve the glass, personal items are not permitted on the Skywalk. This includes cameras, cell phones, strollers, etc.

Conditions in the Grand Canyon region are generally dry, but substantial precipitation occurs twice annually, during seasonal pattern shifts in winter and in late summer

- You can enjoy, river rafting , hiking and camping, and mule trips